|1 per 2 sqft||Late spring and Summer||4-6hrs+|
Introduced more than 80 years ago from Italy. Does well in pots and containers because soil in containers gets warmer quicker. With a thick mulch artichokes can survive winter on the west coast.
How do I Grow Artichoke?
Artichokes can be grown as annuals in colder climates and perennial plants in warmer climates. Buds will appear in late spring for warmer climates and summer in cooler climates.
Sow the seeds about 1/4 inch deep in flats or cells and keep the temperature between 70-80 F until germination (takes about 2 weeks for them to germinate). Grow seedlings at 60-70 F during the day and 50-60 F at night. Transplant to a 4 inch pot after the first true leaves appear. Transplant to an outdoor container when all danger of frost is past and soil temperature is above 60 F.
It’s easier to buy artichoke plants from a nursery than to start from seed. Will need extra fertilizer after 6 weeks of growth.
We eat the flower bud. Clip buds with about an inch of stem. Immature and small buds are more tender and can be steamed and eaten whole. Let them reach 3-4 inches in diameter before picking. When scales begin to separate that is when it’s reached maturity and past its prime (when scales start to separate that means the flower is starting to bloom). Mature artichokes need to be steamed for 10-15 minutes before you eat them
Per Medium Artichoke: Vitamin K, Vitamin C, Folate, Magnesium, Potassium, Manganese, 3.5g Protein, Omega 3 (45.6) and Omega 6 (126g)
Preparing and using
Artichokes are very versatile in the kitchen! Try canning them to have a summer flavour all year!
Helpful Tips and Tricks
Side-dress with bloodmeal or other high-nitrogen fertilizers in early spring.